What causes back pain?
The spine consists of a column of bones or vertebrae held together by muscles, tendons and ligaments separated by shock absorbing disks. When you sprain ligaments, strain muscles, rupture disks and irritate joints, these all can lead to back pain. Sports injuries or accidents can cause back pain while simple movements such as bending over to pick up a child can also cause pain. Other factors to consider include arthritis, poor posture, obesity and psychological stress. Back pain can also directly result from disease of the internal organs such as kidney stones, kidney infections, blood clots or bone loss.
What if my lower back pain does not improve? What should I do?
- Establish the source/cause of your lower back pain.
- Examine your range of motion, your strength and gait.
- Xray your spine (or review outside imaging).
- Formulate a course of conservative, non invasive, restorative care to manage pain, improve function and improve strength.
How can I prevent back pain in the future?
- Maintaining a healthy diet and ideal weight, avoid prolonged inactivity or bed rest.
- Move more than you rest.
- Lie down flat and rest your back.
- Use ice or heat to soothe the pain.
- Orthotics or pelvic stabilizers may help your foundation and reduce stress on your lower back.
- Choose a good mattress.
- Be positive.
- Reduce stress by intentionally taking time “outs”.
- It is always good to remember to lift with your knees, do not twist when lifting, and keep objects close to your body.
- Avoid smoking as it impairs blood flow resulting in oxygen and nutrient deprivation to spinal tissues.